9 Great Achievements of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria was the queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland from 1837 to 1901. Victoria was born on May 24, 1819. Her parents were Prince Edward and Princess Victoria, Duke and Duchess of Kent respectively. Growing up in a royal family, the early deaths of her father and his 3 brothers (two of which became kings: George IV and William III) catapulted the 18-year-old Victoria to become Queen and ruler of all of Britain. The following are some of her great achievements.
Credited with the Victorian Era.
Victoria’s great influence on the kingdom made her a popular political figure. The Queen had very strict morals and family values. Queen Victoria’s reign was one of the longest in the British monarchy; she ruled for 63 years. Her long duration on the throne ushered in the “Victorian era”. Her era, in particular, saw the United Kingdom evolve in several spheres: scientifically, politically, culturally and industrially. She expanded the British Empire to include places all across Asia and Africa.
Survived Several Assassination Attempts
Queen Victoria narrowly escaped a total of 8 plots by assassins to take her life. The Queen used to ride through the streets on a carriage which was not enclosed. The first attempt on her life was in 1840 when a young man in his teens opened fire on her when she was enjoying a ride with her husband close to Buckingham Palace. Luckily enough, she was not hit by any bullet. The teenage shooter, by name Edward Oxford, was arrested by eyewitnesses. Psychiatric examinations on the attacker revealed that he was mentally deranged. The same was most likely true of all her future assailants. They were found to be unsound. This probably explains why they missed their shots at her. As for Edward Oxford, he was released from a lunatic center and sent back to Australia.
Redeveloped Buckingham Palace
Upon her coronation on June 28, 1838, Victoria took up residence at Buckingham Palace. The palace was initially possessed by her deceased uncle – William IV – who sparingly lived there. This gave Victoria the singular honor of being the first queen to occupy Buckingham Palace. Her time in the building didn’t go without troubles. The palace was in a bad physical and structural state. It needed massive renovation exercise to put it in a befitting shape for the new queen. Victoria expended all her efforts and gave the palace a new look. She even constructed a new extension of the palace. Thanks to her massive reconstruction work on the place, the Buckingham Palace became the seat of successive British monarchs, including Queen Elizabeth II.
Philanthropic Works in Ireland
Beginning around 1845, Ireland suffered a devastating famine: it was termed as the Great Famine. The major crops that were affected by this blight were potatoes. For four years, more than a million citizens died in Ireland. Queen Victoria was highly troubled by the effects of the famine. She decided to donate, from her own pocket, an amount of £2,000 to help victims of the famine. Her donation was the biggest among the rest. In terms of today’s currency (i.e. 2016), her donation represents about £ 178,000 or above. Despite her charitable deeds, controversial myths about her donation were fabricated during the latter part of the 19th century. In such myths, it’s said that she only donated £5 towards the relief funds for the famine-struck country.
Fostered Good Relations with France
Queen Victoria believed there was a need for Britain to develop a cordial relationship with her neighbor France. She carried out a number trips to France and met with key French leaders such as King Louis Philippe. Her visit set her a record as the first British queen to meet with a king of France. Louis also set himself a record by visiting Britain in 1844. This relationship was buoyed on by the history between the two countries. In the latter part of the 18th century, when the French Revolution broke out, the deposed French monarchs sought to build alliances with other monarchs across Europe. Queen Victoria’s reign witnessed enormous strides made to build a friendly relationship between France and the UK.
Marriage Achievements and Family Values
Victoria wedded Prince Albert- her first cousin. She loved him to the fullest such that after his sudden death in 1961, Victoria got disheartened and hid from public appearances for a good number of years. After recovering from her grief, she also wore black clothes on most of her public appearances for the rest of her life. Prince Albert was such a great partner who advised the Queen on many monarchical matters. Among all her achievements stands tall her nine children she bore with Albert. Even though she was a mother, it’s said that she hated the painful labors associated with giving birth. Some of her 9 children went on to become princess, princes, and dukes. When the Queen died in 1901 at the age of 80, her son Edward VII succeeded her
Signed the Reform Act of 1867
In 1867, the queen endorsed the passage of a Reform Act which opened more voters to the electoral register. The act increased the voter population by a factor of two; it allowed men who worked in the cities to partake in elections. Politically, she also helped to preserve the monarchy.
Became Empress of India
Queen Victoria was honored with an additional title, Empress of India. A civil war broke out in India which led to chaos between the British empires and the state. Queen Victoria stayed neutral and condemned the civil wars. She decried the senseless loss of lives in India. The queen also signed acts with Benjamin Disraeli (then-British Prime Minister) which guaranteed religious freedom. Due to her contribution towards a peaceful transfer of power in India, the British Parliament bestowed upon her the title, “Empress of India” in 1877.
Expanded the British Empire
The Victorian era saw an explosive expansion of the British Empire. She was quoted to have said that Britain didn’t seek to conquer other countries; it only did so when it was forced to. Also, her reign witnessed the Industrial Revolution and scientific management discipline. Breakthrough scientific discoveries/theories such as Darwinism all happened within her tenure. Trains and telegraphs were introduced during her time. The Queen holds the slightly enviable honor of being the first monarch to ride in a train.