Vickers Machine Gun

British Vickers machine gun during World War I

The Vickers gun, also known as the Vickers machine gun, was originally manufactured by Vickers Limited for the British Army. This water-cooled .303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun typically required a three-man crew to operate, although more personnel were often needed to move and manage the weapon, ammunition, and its spare parts. The crew consisted of one person firing the gun, another feeding ammunition, and additional members assisting with transport. This gun remained in service from before the First World War until the 1960s, and air-cooled versions of it were utilized on many Allied World War I fighter aircrafts.

1940: A Vickers machine gun crew from the British Indian Army, stationed in the North West Frontier of British India.


Facts About the Vickers Machine Gun

  • The Vickers machine gun was first produced by the British company Vickers Limited in 1912 and was adopted by the British Army before being used by other military forces around the world.
  • The gun was known for its reliability, durability and accuracy, and was one of the most successful machine guns of its time, remaining in service for over 50 years.
  • The Vickers gun was a water-cooled, belt-fed machine gun that typically required a three-man crew to operate effectively. The crew consisted of a gunner, a feeder, and an assistant, although more personnel were often needed to transport and manage the weapon, ammunition, and spare parts.
  • The gun was initially chambered in .303 British (7.7 mm), but was later adapted to fire other calibers, including 7.92x57mm Mauser and .50 BMG.
  • During World War I, the Vickers machine gun was widely used by British and Commonwealth forces, and was credited with playing a key role in several battles, including the Battle of the Somme and the Battle of Passchendaele. It was also used in a variety of roles, including as a ground-based defensive weapon, as well as being mounted on aircraft and armored vehicles.