Martin Luther was a German monk, theologian, and professor who became the key figure in the Protestant Reformation.
Below, World History Edu present the most asked questions about this Augustinian friar and theologian:
What was the Protestant Reformation?
The Protestant Reformation was a 16th-century religious, political, and cultural movement that sought to reform the Catholic Church and led to the establishment of Protestant churches.
What are the 95 Theses?
The 95 Theses were a list of grievances and propositions for debate penned by Martin Luther, which he is said to have nailed to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg in 1517, challenging the Catholic Church’s sale of indulgences.
Why did Martin Luther oppose indulgences?
Luther believed that salvation was a free gift from God achieved through faith alone, not by purchasing indulgences. He felt indulgences led people away from true repentance.
What is the significance of the Diet of Worms in 1521?
At the Diet of Worms, Martin Luther was asked to recant his teachings that challenged the Catholic Church. He refused, leading to his excommunication and becoming an outlaw.
Did Luther translate the Bible?
Yes, Luther translated the New Testament into German while he was in hiding at Wartburg Castle. Later, he completed the translation of the Old Testament. His translation made the Scriptures more accessible to the common people and played a pivotal role in standardizing the German language.
What did Luther believe about salvation?
Luther taught that salvation came through faith alone in Jesus Christ, not by good deeds or purchasing indulgences.
What impact did Martin Luther have on the church and society?
Luther’s teachings led to the establishment of Protestant denominations, changed religious practices, and influenced politics, education, and culture in Europe.
Did Luther marry?
Yes, Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, a former nun, in 1525. Their marriage set a precedent for Protestant clergy to marry.
How did Martin Luther die?
Martin Luther died of natural causes in 1546 in Eisleben, Germany, the town where he was born.
How did Luther’s teachings influence later generations?
Luther’s teachings became foundational for many Protestant denominations and had a lasting impact on religious thought, freedom of conscience, and the relationship between church and state.