Aristotle analyzed the constitution of Carthage in his work “Politics”. He praised Carthage for its mixed form of government, which included elements of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy. Aristotle believed that the Carthaginian constitution was well-balanced and prevented any one group from gaining too much power.
According to Aristotle, Carthage was ruled by two kings who had limited power and were chosen by the people. The kings were advised by a council of elders known as the Gerousia. The Gerousia was made up of wealthy and influential citizens who were selected for life.
In addition to the kings and the Gerousia, Carthage had two other magistracies: the Magistrates of Five and the Hundred and Four. The Magistrates of Five were responsible for overseeing the administration of justice, while the Hundred and Four were responsible for managing the finances of the city-state.
Aristotle also noted that Carthage had a system of common tables, where citizens of the same age group would dine together. These tables were overseen by the Magistrates of Five and were used to promote social cohesion among the citizens.
Overall, Aristotle viewed the Carthaginian constitution as a successful blend of democracy, oligarchy, and monarchy. He believed that Carthage’s balanced government allowed for stability and prevented any one group from gaining too much power.